Flip the Script Book Blog: With reviews, playlists, podcasts, and announcements (click here)

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The new journal, Global Hip Hop Studies!!!: articles, book reviews, media reviews, artist-centered pieces, archival research, hip hop art and image research, and more… (click here)

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Companion Site to the JWPM Article: “’Yo Nací Caminando’: Community-Engaged Scholarship, Knowledge of Self, and Hip Hop as Postcolonial Studies.” Journal of World Popular Music Vol. 5, No. 2 (Double Special Issue: Hip Hop Activism and Representational Politics), eds. Adam Haupt, Quentin Williams, and H. Samy Alim (Winter 2018).

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Syllabus for Griff’s Global Hip Hop Course PLANET RAP: Global Hip Hop and Postcolonial Perspectives Syllabus (click here)

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Griff’s opening remarks at the Cambridge Union Society Debate “Rap over Shakespeare” (click here)

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Griff’s 2018 ERC CoG Application (B1), CIPHER: Hip Hop Interpellation – ERCConsolidatorGrant-2018-Rollefson-FullApp (click here)

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Research Image Gallery: Click Here

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European Hip Hop Playlist (Annotations click here)


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Websites and Blogs:

European HipHop Studies Network:

Universal Zulu Nation Website:

Hiphop Archive:

Cornell Hip Hop Collection:

Veni Vidi Vici: European Hip Hop:

Scratched Vinyl:

World Hip Hop Market:

“Hip Hop and Rap in Europe” – Report for the European Music Office (Dated, but interesting EU Report by Marie-Agnès Beau from 1996):



Revolt TV


The Stashed


Sermon’s Domain

The Rap-Up

Rap Radar


Nah Right

MTV RapFix

Miss Info

Up North Trips

Hip-Hop N More


**please CONTACT to suggest adds**

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A Hip Hop and Postcolonial Studies Bibliography:

Aidi, Hisham. Rebel Music: Race, Empire, and the New Muslim Youth Culture. New York: Pantheon, 2014.

Alim, H. Samy. Roc the Mic Right: The Language of Hip Hop Culture. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Alim, H. Samy & Adam Haupt. “Reviving Soul(s): Hip Hop as Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy in the U.S. & South Africa”. Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies: Teaching and Learning for Educational Justice (Django Paris and H. Samy Alim, eds.). Teachers College Press, Columbia University: New York, 2017.

Ameli, Saied Reza. Globalization, Americanization and British Muslim Identity. London: Islamic College for Advanced Studies Press, 2002.

Appert, Catherine M. “Locating Hip Hop Origins: Popular Music and Tradition in Senegal.” Africa 86 (May 2016): 237–62.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. In My Father’s House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Ashcroft, William. Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts. London: Routledge, 2000.

Back, Les. The Art of Listening. New York: Bloomsbury, 2007.

Baker, Houston A., Jr. Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature: A Vernacular Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

———. Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Baraka, Amiri (Jones, LeRoi). Black Music. New York: William Morrow, 1968.

———. Blues People: The Negro Experience in White America and the Music that Developed from It. New York: William Morrow, 1963.

Berger, Harris M. and Michael Thomas Carroll, Global Pop, Local Language. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2003.

Bhabha, Homi. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge Classics, 1994.

Bramwell, Richard. UK Hip-Hop, Grime and the City: The Aesthetics and Ethics of London’s Rap Scenes. London: Routledge, 2015.

Brubaker, Rogers. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Butler, Judith. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. New York: Routledge, 1997.

———. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Césaire, Aimé. Discourse on Colonialism. Translated by Joan Pinkham. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972.

Chang, Jeff. Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip Hop Generation. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005.

Chang, Jeff. “It’s a Hip-Hop World.” Foreign Policy, no. 163 (November–December 2007): 58–65.

Clark, Msia Kibona and Mickie Mwanzia Koster, eds. Hip Hop and Social Change in Africa: Ni Wikati. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2014.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel and Grau, 2015.

Condry, Ian. Hip-Hop Japan: Rap and the Paths of Cultural Globalization. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.

da Silva, Denise Ferreira. Toward a Global Idea of Race. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.

Dawson, Ashley. Mongrel Nation: Diasporic Culture and the Making of Postcolonial Britain. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2007.

Dean, John, and Jean-Paul Gabilliet, eds. European Readings of American Popular Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967.

Drury, Meghan. “Counterorienting the War on Terror: Arab Hip Hop and Diasporic Resistance.” Journal of Popular Music Studies 29 (2017): 1–11.

Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. Edited by David W. Blight and Robert Gooding-Williams. New York: Bedford Books, 1997.

Durand, Alain-Philippe, ed. Black, Blanc, Beur: Rap Music and Hip-Hop Culture in the Francophone World. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2002.

Edwards, Brent Hayes. The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.

El-Khairy, Omar. “‘Freedom’s a Lifestyle Choice: US Cultural Diplomacy, Empire’s Soundtrack, and Middle Eastern ‘Youth’ in our Contemporary Global Infowar.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 2 (2009): 115–35.

Ellison, Ralph. Shadow and Act. New York: Vintage, 1964.

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks [Peau noire, masques blancs] (1952). Translated by C. L. Markham. London: Pluto Press, 1986.

———. The Wretched of the Earth. Paris: Présence Africaine, 1963.

Fehrenbach, Heide, and Ute G. Poiger, eds. Transactions, Transgressions, Transformations: American Culture in Western Europe and Japan. New York: Berghahn Books, 2000.

Fernandes, Sujatha.  Close to the Edge: In Search of the Global Hip Hop Generation (2011) Introduction, “The Making of a Hip Hop Globe”

Floyd, Samuel A., Jr. The Power of Black Music: Interpreting its History from Africa to the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Forman, Murray. The ‘Hood Comes First; Race, Space, and Place in Rap and Hip Hop. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2002.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. New York: Verso, 1993.

———. Small Acts. New York: Serpent’s Tail, 1993.

———. “There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack”: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation. London: Hutchinson, 1987.

Glissant, Édouard. Caribbean Discourse: Selected Essays [Le Discours Antillais], trans. J. Michael Dash. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1989.

Guillory, Monique, and Richard C. Green, eds. Soul: Black Power, Politics, and Pleasure. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Harrison, Anthony Kwame. “Post-colonial consciousness, knowledge production, and identity inscription within Filipino American hip hop music,” in Perfect Beat. 2012.

Haupt, Adam. Static: Race and Representation in Post-Apartheid Music, Media and Film. Johannesburg: HSRC Press, 2012.

______. “Counterpublics, Noise and Ten Years of Democracy.” New Coin Poetry 40 (2004): 76–90.

———. Stealing Empire: P2P, Intellectual Property and Hip-Hop Subversion. Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2008.

Helbig, Adriana N. Hip Hop Ukraine: Music, Race, and African Migration. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014.

Hine, Darlene Clark, Tricia C. Keaton, and Stephen Small. Black Europe and the African Diaspora. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

hooks, bell. Black Looks: Race and Representation. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2015.

Huq, Rupa. Beyond Subculture: Pop, Youth and Identity in a Postcolonial World. London: Routledge, 2006.

Ibrahim, Awad. “Arab Spring, Favelas, Borders, and the Artistic Transnational Migration: Toward a Curriculum for a Global Hip-Hop Nation.” Curriculum Inquiry 47 (2017): 103–111.

Jacobsen, Matthew Frye. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Kajikawa, Loren. Sounding Race in Rap Songs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015.

Kazanjian, David. The Colonizing Trick: National Culture and Imperial Citizenship in Colonial America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Kelley, Robin D. G. Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class. New York: Free Press, 1994.

———. Yo’ Mama’s Disfunctional! Fighting the Culture Wars in Urban America. Boston: Beacon Press, 1997.

Keyes, Cheryl L. Rap Music and Street Consciousness. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

Klopp, Brett. German Multiculturalism: Immigrant Integration and the Transformation of Citizenship. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

Krims, Adam. Rap Music and the Poetics of Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Kroes, Rob. If You’ve Seen One You’ve Seen the Mall: Europeans and American Mass Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.

Lipsitz, George. Dangerous Crossroads: Popular Music, Postmodernism, and the Poetics of Place. New York: Verso, 1994.

Lott, Eric. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Malone, Christopher and George Martinez, Jr. “The Organic Organizer: The Political Development of Hip-Hop and the Prospects for Global Transformation.” New Political Science 32 (December 2010): 531–45.

Manabe, Noriko. The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music after Fukushima. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Mercer, Kobena. Welcome to the Jungle: New Positions in Cultural Studies. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Mitchell, Tony, ed. Global Noise: Rap and Hip-Hop Outside the USA. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2001.

Miyakawa, Felicia. Five Percenter Rap: God Hop’s Music, Message, and Black Muslim Mission. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.

______. “Hip-Hop Diplomacy.” Parts 1–4. The Avid Listener, 4–24 November 2014.

Morgan, Marcyliena. The Real Hip Hop: Battling for Knowledge, Power, and Respect in the LA Underground. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.

______. “’The World is Yours’: The Globalization of Hip-Hop Language.” Social Identities 22 (2016): 133-49.

Moten, Fred. In the Break: The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Nitzsche, Sina, and Walter Grünzwieg. Hip-Hop in Europe: Cultural Identities and Transnational Flows. Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2013.

Olaniyan, Tejumola. Arrest the Music: Fela and His Rebel Art and Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Peabody, Sue, and Tyler Stovall, eds.  The Color of Liberty: Histories of Race in France. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Pennycook, Alastair. “Language, Localization, and the Real: Hip-Hop and the Global Spread of Authenticity.” Journal of Language, Identity, and Education 6 (2007): 101–115.

Perry, Imani. Prophets of the Hood: Politics and Poetics in Hip Hop. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.

Perry, Marc. “GLOBAL BLACK SELF-FASHIONINGS: HIP HOP AS DIASPORIC SPACE,” Identities, 15:6 (2008), 635-664.

______. Negro Soy Yo: Hip Hop and Raced Citizenship in Neoliberal Cuba. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2015.

Poiger, Ute G. Jazz, Rock, and Rebels: Cold War Politics and American Culture in a Divided Germany. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Potter, Russell A. Spectacular Vernaculars: Hip Hop and the Politics of Postmodernism. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995.

Radano, Ronald and Philip V. Bohlman, eds. Music and the Racial Imagination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

———. Lying Up a Nation: Race and Black Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1982.

Rodriguez, Richard. Brown: The Last Discovery of America. New York: Viking Penguin, 2002.

Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. New York: Verso, 1999.

Rollefson, J. Griffith. “‘He’s Calling His Flock Now’: Black Music and Postcoloniality from Buddy Bolden’s New Orleans to Sefyu’s Paris.” American Music 33, no. 3. Special issue: “Transatlantic Perspectives,” ed. Glenda Goodman (Fall 2015): 375–97.

______. “Musical (African) Americanization in the New Europe: The Case of Aggro Berlin.” In Crosscurrents: American and European Music in Interaction, 1900–2000, ed. Felix Meyer, Carol J. Oja, Wolfgang Rathert, and Anne C. Shreffler, 464–77. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2014.

______. “‘Gheddos du Monde’: Sounding the Ghetto, Occupying the Nation from Berlin to Paris.” In Hip-Hop in Europe: Cultural Identities and Transnational Flows, ed. Sina A. Nitzsche and Walter Grünzweig, 227–39. Zürich: LIT Verlag, 2013.

______. “Le Cauchemar de la France: Blackara’s Postcolonial Hip Hop Critique in the City of Light.” In Native Tongues: An African Hip-Hop Reader, ed. Paul Khalil Saucier, 179–216. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2011.

______. “Musical (African) Americanization in the New Europe: Hip Hop, Race, and the Cultural Politics of Postcoloniality in Contemporary Paris, Berlin, and London.” Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin–Madison, 2009.

______. “The ‘Robot Voodoo Power’ Thesis: Afrofuturism and Anti-anti-essentialism from Sun Ra to Kool Keith.” Black Music Research Journal 28, no. 1 (Spring 2008), 83-109.

______. “‘Is This Really Liberty, Equality, Fraternity?’ The NTM Affair, French Cultural Politics, and Americanization as Cultural Miscegenation.” Music Research Forum 19 (Summer 2004), 26-41.

Rose, Tricia. Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1994.

Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage, 1993.

———. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon, 1978.

Salois, Kendra. “The Networked Self: Hip Hop Musicking and Muslim Identities in Neoliberal Morocco,” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 2013.

———. “Connection and Complicity in the Global South: Hip Hop Musicians and US Cultural Diplomacy.” Journal of Popular Music Studies 27 (2015): 408–23.

Sandoval, Chela. Methodology of the Oppressed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Saucier, P. Khalil, ed. Native Tongues: An African Hip-hop Reader. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2011.

Saucier, P. Khalil and Kumarini Silva. “Keeping It Real in the Global South: Hip-Hop Comes to Sri Lanka.” Critical Sociology 40 (2014): 295–300.

Schain, Martin. The Politics of Immigration in France, Britain, and the United States: A Comparative Study. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Schmieding, Leonard. “Das ist unsere Party”: HipHop in der DDR. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2014.

Sharma, Nitasha Tamar. Hip Hop Desis: South Asian Americans, Blackness, and a Global Race Consciousness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.

Singh, Nikhil Pal. Black Is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Smith, Zadie. On Beauty. London: Hamish Hamilton, 2005.

Steingo, Gavin. Kwaito’s Promise: Music and the Aesthetics of Freedom in South Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.

Stovall, Tyler. Paris Noir: African Americans in the City of Light. New York: Mariner Books, 1998.

Tate, Greg. Everything But the Burden: What White People Are Taking from Black Culture. New York: Harlem Moon, 2003.

Taylor, Timothy. Global Pop: World Music, World Markets. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Torgovnick, Marianna. Gone Primitive: Savage Intellects, Modern Lives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Villegas, Mark R., Kuttin’ Kandi, and Roderick N. Labrador, eds. Empire of Funk: Hip Hop and Representation in Filipina/o America. San Diego: Cognella, 2014.

Von Eschen, Penny M. Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism 1937–1957. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

———. Satchmo Blows up the World: Jazz Ambassadors Play the Cold War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Wagnleitner, Reinhold. Coca-Colonization and the Cold War: The Cultural Mission of the United States in Austria After the Second World War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Weheliye, Alexander. Phonographies: Grooves in Sonic Afro-Modernity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.

West, Cornel. Race Matters. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

White, Miles. From Jim Crow to Jay-Z. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.

Williams, Justin. Rhymin’ and Stealin’: Musical Borrowing in Hip-Hop. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2014.

Williams, Quentin. Remix Multilingualism: Hip Hop Ethnography and Performing Marginalized Voices. London: Bloomsbury, 2017.

Williams, Raymond. Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Wright, Michelle. Becoming Black: Creating Identity in the African Diaspora. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.

Young, Robert J. C. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2001.

Zuberi, Nabeel. Sounds English: Transnational Popular Music. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001.

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